Author Archives: Ellen Carrlee

Conservator, Alaska State Museum

BEAR, POLAR

Under construction May 2011 POLAR BEAR Ursus maritimus GUARD HAIR Length: 30mm max (Brown 1942), 80-100mm (Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969), 90-170mm (ASM #2) Diameter Range: 80-200 microns (Brown 1942) 125-175 microns (ASM #1 neck), 75-100 microns (ASM #1 belly), 125 microns (ASM#2). Medullary Index: 0.37 ave (Brown 1942). 0.37 (ASM #1 neck) Medulla: Continuous flattened […]

BEAVER

Under Construction May 2011 BEAVER Castor canadensis GUARD HAIR Length: 50mm max (Mayer 1952), 65mm max (Tumlison 1983), 40-100 (Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969), 63mm max (Moore et al 1974), 40-55mm (ASM #1), 45-55mm (ASM #5) Diameter Range: 190 microns max  (Mayer 1952), 189 microns (Moore et al 1974), 100-165 microns (ASM #1), 140 microns (ASM […]

BISON, AMERICAN

Under Construction May 2011 AMERICAN BISON Bison bison GUARD HAIR Length: 60 mm maximum (Mayer 1952), 80-90mm (Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969), 30-160mm (Moore et al 1974), 80-90mm (ASM #1) Diameter Range: Max 110 microns (Mayer 1952), 60-110 microns (Moore et al 1974), 75- 90 microns (ASM #1) Medullary Index: 0.38 (ASM #1) Medulla: Approximately 35 […]

CARIBOU

Under Construction May 2011 CARIBOU Rangifer tarandus granti GUARD HAIR Length: 60mm max (Furskin 2006), 120-130mm mane hair in the winter (Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969), 20-30mm (ASM #1 back), 65-80 (ASM #1 tail), 30-40mm (ASM #6) Diameter Range: 150-220 microns (Furskin 2006),170 to 270 microns (Meeks and Cartwright 2005) 275 microns (ASM #1) Medullary Index: […]

COW

Under Construction May 2011 COW Bos taurus GUARD HAIR Length: 30-40mm (Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969) 20-140 (Moore et al 1974) Diameter Range: 35-40 microns (ASM#1) 35-75 microns (Furskin 2006) 80 microns (ASM #2) 60-130 microns (Moore et al 1974) Medullary Index: 0.5 (ASM #1) 0.15 to 0.3 (ASM #2)) Medulla: Interrupted 10 microns diameter (ASM […]

COYOTE

Under Construction May 2011 COYOTE Canis latrans incolatus   GUARD HAIR Length: less than 100mm (Mayer 1952), 50-70mm with mane hair 80-110mm (Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969), 80mm (Moore et al 1974), 80-115mm on back and 55-95mm on sides with 17-80mm on belly (Kennedy 1982), 60-70mm typical but up to 105mm max (ASM #1 back), 80-120mm […]

DEER, SITKA BLACK-TAILED

Under Construction May 2011 SITKA BLACK-TAILED DEER Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis GUARD HAIR Length: 28mm for Odocoileus hemionus (Mayer 1952), 53mm Odocoileus hemionus hemionus (Moore et al 1974), 30-40mm (ASM#1), 40-50mm (ASM #3) Diameter Range: Under 200 microns for Odocoileus hemionus (Mayer 1952), 299 microns Odocoileus hemionus hemionus (Moore et al 1974), 250-380 microns (ASM #1), […]

DOG

Under Construction May 2011 DOG Canis lupus familiaris GUARD HAIR Length: 45-60mm on mane (German shepherd of Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969) 35-40 mm (Labrador retriever of Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969) 29-70mm on back, 30-64mm on sides, 9-60mm on underside (German shepherd, husky and Labrador retrievers Kennedy 1982). Diameter Range: 156-228 microns (Brown 1942) 87.5 – […]

ELK, ROOSEVELT

Under Construction May 2011 ROOSEVELT ELK Cervus elaphus GUARD HAIR Length: 70-80mm (Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969), 67mm max (Moore et al 1974, Cervus elaphus nelsoni), Very long taper at tip (ASM #1) 105-110mm max on bell (ASM #2) 50-80mm neck (ASM #2) 15mm leg (ASM #2) Diameter Range: 357 microns max (Moore et al 1974, […]

FISHER

Under Construction May 2011 FISHER Martes pennanti GUARD HAIR Length: 50-60mm (Adorjan and Kolenosky 1969) Diameter Range: 72-176 microns (Brown 1942)  less than 100 microns (Mayer 1952) up to 110 microns (ASM #1) Medullary Index: 0.67 ave (Brown 1942)  0.42-0.59 (ASM #1) Medulla: Medullary cells at the base robust, flattened, often joined together as in […]